The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies <p>The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies (CJAS) is a refereed academic journal. It focuses on the socio-cultural, political and economic transformations of contemporary Asia.</p> en-US (Vera Skvirskaja) (Claus Rosenkrantz Hansen) Tue, 07 Jan 2020 14:11:15 +0000 OJS 60 The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies returns to Copenhagen University Kjeld Erik Brødsgaard Copyright (c) 2020 The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies Tue, 07 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Soft Power Determinants in the World and Implications for China <p>Statistical tests are here conducted on two explanations of soft power. One is Joseph Nye's argument that political values, foreign policy and cultural appeals shape soft power, and the other is the positive peace argument which suggests a significant influence of the Global Peace Index (GPI) on soft power.<br>Two measures of soft power are employed – the favourability of major powers in global public opinion polls and the Soft Power 30 Index. The latter gauges the magnitude of soft power. When the former measure, which&nbsp; indicates the positiveness of soft power, is adopted the three soft power resources provide less explanatory power than per capita GDP and especially the GPI. When the Soft Power 30 Index is used, only foreign policy independent of the United States contributes positively to soft power. The GPI and non-soft power-related<br>cultural exports (NSPCE) then take on a negative role because a number of nations in the index achieve very high rankings with a relatively poor GPI or small NSPCE. As far as China is concerned, its ranking in 2018 in the Soft Power 30 Index declined due to impressive improvement among other ranked nations and global public scepticism towards its foreign policy and its cultural exports.</p> HONGYI LAI Copyright (c) 2020 The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies Tue, 07 Jan 2020 13:35:04 +0000 China's Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area: A Primer <p>On 18 February 2019, China released the 'Development Plan Outline for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA)'. This study presents the most up-to-date analysis on the GBA, including its history, importance and institutional arrangement; its significance vis-à-vis the integration of Hong Kong and Macau to China, to the One Belt One Road initiative, to the Made in China 2025 plan and to China's wider economic<br>growth; and offers a prediction on the GBA's future and the challenges ahead.</p> Kerry Liu Copyright (c) 2020 The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies Tue, 07 Jan 2020 13:43:50 +0000 Zheng He Remains in Africa <p>In recent years, China has sought to extend its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) from Central Asia and Southeast Asia to Africa. This article argues that Chinese officials, aided by Chinese maritime archaeologists, journalists and researchers, have used discourses of heritage and history as a form of soft padding to justify China's infrastructure projects in Africa. Zheng He, a Ming dynasty admiral, who had allegedly visited East Africa in four of his seven famous voyages across the Indian Ocean, is particularly important in China's narrative of its historical relations with Africa. The details of Zheng He's engagement with Africa remain contested by historians, especially those in Western academia. The Chinese government thus supports 'sub-initiatives' of heritage and history construction, namely maritime archaeology, travel journalism and student fellowships, to substantiate the legacy of Zheng He in Africa. By suggesting that China and Africa also share the legacy of having been exploited, humiliated and victimized by European colonial powers, Chinese intellectuals have fashioned the BRI into an anti-imperialist discourse for acceptance by their African counterparts.</p> Ying-Kit Chan Copyright (c) 2020 The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies Tue, 07 Jan 2020 13:50:41 +0000 State Intervention, Globalization and the Evolution of Malaysian Banks' Identities <p>This article describes and explains the evolution of Malaysia's locally owned banks in a series of mergers and acquisitions within national borders and beyond. It argues that state intervention, external economic and financial crises and the liberalization of the financial sector have compelled the consolidation of local banks in Malaysia. The consolidation process has resulted in the increased size of state-owned banks, decreased the number of local Chinese-owned banks and seen a decline in family shareholding in the remaining Chinese-controlled banks. Through regional expansion both Chinese-controlled and stateowned operations have become large-scale regionally based banking groups or global banks, deepening the financial integration in ASEAN countries.</p> CHIN YEE WHAH Copyright (c) 2020 The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies Tue, 07 Jan 2020 13:56:45 +0000 Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Risk Reduction <p>The importance of indigenous knowledge in reducing risk from disasters and natural calamities has been widely discussed in the social sciences by scholars arguing for integrative frameworks and participatory processes. This type of knowledge is vital for archipelagic developing countries, such as the Philippines, situated in a geographical area exposed to natural hazards. However, despite its potential contribution to disaster prevention, mitigation, response, rehabilitation and recovery, along with possible combination strategies with western scientific knowledge towards reducing vulnerability and disaster risk management, the literature on the integration of specific communities' indigenous knowledgebased disaster preparedness and adaptation is still limited. The novel contribution of this article is in the discussion of the unique indigenous knowledge<br>identified in the cases of San Miguel Island, Camotes Island and Alabat Island, which is utilized even up to the present. Particularly, this study identifies substantial aspects of indigenous knowledge that contribute to disaster risk reduction in the three selected cases. Findings reveal myriad indigenous knowledge pertaining to intensity, height, direction and movement of ocean waves; intensity of winds; sudden surfacing of deep-sea creatures and unease of animals; different patterns of clouds, darkening of skies and foggy horizons, among others. In closely examining indigenous knowledge, this study sheds new light by providing meaningful insights for its contribution to disaster preparedness.</p> JOSEPH REYES, KISS AYO, MARIA BALUYAN, ALAN BALAGUER Copyright (c) 2020 The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies Tue, 07 Jan 2020 14:08:44 +0000