Journal of Business Anthropology <p>The <em>Journal of Business Anthropology</em> (JBA) is an Open Access journal which publishes the results of anthropological and related research in business organizations and business situations of all kinds. This website is the home of JBA, and here you will find all <a href="/index.php/jba/issue/archive">Published Issues</a>, as well as additional materials.</p> Copenhagen Business School en-US Journal of Business Anthropology 2245-4217 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br><br></p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> The Editor's Two Cents <p>The Editor's Two Cents</p> Greg Urban Copyright (c) 2019 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 139 140 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5845 Entrepreneurship: A Challenging, Fruitful Domain for Ethnography <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Entrepreneurship: A Challenging, Fruitful Domain for Ethnography</p> </div> </div> </div> Elizabeth K. Briody Alex Stewart Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 141 166 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5846 Emerging Ties-Nigerian Entrepreneurs and Chinese Business Associates <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Africa-China relationships consists of various interactions between government officials, to large corporations, and individuals. This article examines the emerging relationship between Africa and China through the ethnography of a Nigerian entrepreneur who seeks to expand his business by selling to Chinese clients. Entrepreneurship is lauded in Nigerian society. China's increasing presence in the country is often presented as a positive economic opportunity for Nigerians, including entrepreneurs. This research highlights the complex nature of business relationships between Nigerian entrepreneurs and Chinese counterparts. To build trust and business ties, the entrepreneur highlighted manages his brand via social media, utilizes social capital, and taps into relatedness and kinship within Chinese business circles.</p> </div> </div> </div> U. Ejiro O. Onomake-McShane Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 167 184 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5847 Cheese in Chijnaya: Communal Entrepreneurship in Rural Peru <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Individual entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship may be more common both in daily life and in the research literature, but community- based entrepreneurship also plays an important role in economic development. We present a case study of community entrepreneurship in a rural area of the Andes, where the community of Chijnaya operates a successful cheese production business. Buying milk from its farmer members in the community, the business produces cheeses that are sold in regional urban markets and beyond. This account draws on decades of ethnographic research and collaboration with the community. Here, we discuss the history of the community in general and of the cheese enterprise in particular. The organizational structure of the business is outlined along with a description of the production processes. We end with an analysis of problems faced by the community in moving the enterprise forward toward a more profitable future and a discussion of the relevance of this case to entrepreneurship studies.</p> </div> </div> </div> Ralph Bolton Jhuver Aguirre-Torres Ken C. Erickson Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 185 210 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5848 Shifting Cases: Advancing a New Artifact for Entrepreneurial Education <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Entrepreneurship, as applied here, involves helping students develop an entrepreneurial mindset by working in a university-supported startup that lacks the artificiality of a simulation or the safety net of heavy financial subsidization. This article chronicles an organizational-wide change at a private Midwestern university and the development of a new “artifact”—the dynamic case study—to complement a new approach to business and entrepreneurial education. After reviewing the function of case studies in a teaching and research context, I consider this new kind of case study as a boundary object and means for making sense of early stage entrepreneurial activity.</p> </div> </div> </div> Marlo Rencher Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 211 227 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5849 Struggles and Strategies of Black Women Business Owners in the U.S. <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Black women start businesses at a rate above the national average. Yet, a revenue gap persists when compared to businesses owned by Black men and White men and women. Existing explanations for the differences in revenue highlight the lack of experience and limited access to start-up capital that constrain racial and gender minorities and also the type of industries in which they operate. Research specifically examining Black women business owners is very limited. In this article, we explore if Black women business owners’ gender and racial identities pose challenges to running their businesses. We find that, because of their race and gender, Black women business owners contend with unique challenges that many entrepreneurs do not face. In-depth interviews reveal that they confront negative stereotypes held about them and, surprisingly, experience difficulties interacting with Black clients. These entrepreneurs cite navigation strategies that include monitoring self-presentation, adopting standards of excellence, and creating clear professional boundaries. This study suggests that Black women business owners might be spending more time than other business owners navigating challenges specifically linked to their identity, which seems to impact their business directly.</p> </div> </div> </div> Taylor M. Jackson Paromita Sanyal Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 228 249 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5850 From Brides to Business Owners: Microfinance and Women’s Entrepreneurship <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Women’s entrepreneurship through microfinance programs has been celebrated as a model for reducing poverty and empowering women. Yet, evidence of the incidence of women’s entrepreneurship has been disappointing, leading to much critique and controversy. This article presents case narratives of women enrolled in microfinance programs in rural India who took the leap onto entrepreneurship and used microcredit loans to expand or start their small-scale livelihoods enterprises. These narratives illustrate the particular economic and social conditions that are found in cases where women have transitioned from being dependent, gender-compliant housewives to sole-earners or main breadwinners. Marital failure, functional absence or retreat of husband, economic distress, living in a nuclear household, and absence of an adult son are consistently evident in all cases of women’s entrepreneurship. This qualitative analysis helps us understand why women’s entrepreneurship is not more widespread despite the availability of microcredit loans.</p> </div> </div> </div> Paromita Sanyal Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 250 272 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5851 Personal Printers and Ink in São Paulo and Recife: Getting New Things Done <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Team ethnography for a desktop printer manufacturer in two Brazilian cities on desktop printers and printing is reported here. Our team aimed to resolve an initial puzzle about printers and ink and explored what was going on with the desktop printers as they were acquired, used, and maintained. Our work expanded to encompass the LAN house, small shops, often operated by entrepreneurs, that provide access to the Internet and to printing. The research led to an intrapreneurial modification of a long-standing desktop printer business model by the client. The article concludes by exploring how entrepreneurs (shop owners and teams doing ethnography for hire) and intrapreneurs (those who venture from within a large enterprise) widen the scope of their venturing to encompass wider social and political issues like moral panic, poverty reduction programs, and building social capital in low-income communities in the course of entrepreneurial venturing.</p> </div> </div> </div> Ken C. Erickson Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 273 297 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5852 Global Business Anthropology Summit 2018: Summary and Reflections <p>Global Business Anthropology Summit 2018: Summary and Reflections</p> Allen W. Batteau Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 298 307 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5853 Proceedings of the 2019 Global Business Anthropology Summit <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The second Global Business Anthropology Summit was held May 28-29, 2019 at Fordham University in New York City. The 2019 Summit brought together 160 industry practitioners and academic scholars to build upon the work of the 2018 Summit. The 2019 Summit was explicitly and emphatically forward thinking and action oriented to advance anthropological ideas in business. Its broad aims were to (1) advance thinking on the value of anthropological perspectives in business; (2) generate ways to spread appreciation of our work to academics, students, industry leaders, and the general public; and (3) build community among scholars and practitioners. The Summit's plenary panels and workshops demonstrated how anthropologists penetrate nearly every domain of business and are most adept at handling issues that are humanistic and complex. Throughout the two days, the Summit acknowledged the need to continue to grow the demand for anthropologists in business.</p> </div> </div> </div> Timothy de Waal Malefyt Robert J. Morais Copyright (c) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 8 2 308 341 10.22439/jba.v8i2.5854