Præmier og præstationer: skolelederes meningsskabelse

  • Per Nikolaj Bukh
  • Karina Skovvang Christensen
  • Morten Lund Poulsen
  • Anne Kirstine Svanholt
Nøgleord: Folkeskolen, resultatbaseret styring, resultatbudgettering, sensemaking, skolepuljen, teaching-to-the-test, tilbageløbseffekter, økonomistyring

Resumé

Med henblik på at reducere andelen af lavt præsterende elever ved afgangseksamenerne i folkeskolen vedtog Folketinget i 2016 den såkaldte skolepulje. Formålet var at give udvalgte skoler et økonomisk incitament til at reducere andelen af lavtpræsterende elever. Denne artikel fokuserer på, hvordan skoleledere opfattede skolepuljen og de initiativer, der blev taget som følge heraf. Vi fokuserer især på, om der forekom negative tilbageløbseffekter (washback), dvs. uønskede påvirkninger af undervisning eller elever. Artiklen er baseret på semistrukturerede interviews gennemført med skoleledere. I analysen anvendes meningsskabelse (sensemaking) som en teoretisk linse til at undersøge, hvordan ledere skaber nye meninger, når nye initiativer igangsættes som konsekvens af skolepuljen. Resultaterne indikerer, at puljens resultatbaserede finansiering påvirkede undervisningspraksis på samme måde som tilbageløbseffekterne fra standardiserede elevtests. Dog blev skolepuljen og dens virkninger generelt oplevet som positive. Undersøgelsen viser desuden, at skoleledere spiller en vigtig rolle for, hvordan skoler reagerer på resultatbaseret finansiering.

Forfatterbiografier

Per Nikolaj Bukh
Per Nikolaj Bukh er cand.oecon. og ph.d. samt professor i økonomistyring ved Aalborg Universitet
Karina Skovvang Christensen
Karina Skovvang Christensen er cand.oecon. og ph.d. samt lektor ved Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet.
Morten Lund Poulsen
Morten Lund Poulsen er cand.mag. i filosofi og ph.d.-studerende ved Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet.
Anne Kirstine Svanholt
Anne Kirstine Svanholt er cand.soc. i udviklingsstudier fra Aalborg Universitet og enhedsleder i socialforvaltningen, Københavns Kommune.

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Publiceret
2021-12-01
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