Familiers kosmopolitiske uddannelsesstrategier – Et spørgsmål om migration og investering i distinktiv kapital

  • Martin D. Munk
  • Mette Foged
  • Andreas M. Mulvad
Keywords: Transnationale uddannelsesstrategier, kosmopolitisk kapital, kulturel kapital, migration, rekonversionsstrategier, Bourdieu.

Abstract

Artiklen viser, at der er en nær sammenhæng mellem social baggrund og gennemførelse af eliteuddannelse og ikke-eliteuddannelse blandt en gruppe af danske migranter med minimum fem års ophold i udlandet. Vi tilføjer en ny rekonversionsstrategi til Pierre Bourdieus batteri af strategier udfoldet i La Noblesse d’État, en udvandrings-strategi med henblik på erhvervelse af uddannelseskapital. Især personer med veluddannede forældre har en forøget sandsynlighed for at erobre en universitetsuddannelse på en eliteinstitution, navnlig i ”zones of prestige”, det vil sige i England og USA, som relativt set har de største udbud af distinktive universitetsinstitutioner. En gruppe af migranter gennemfører en udenlandsk universitetsuddannelse på ikke-elite institutioner, hvilket kan afspejle en form for kompensatorisk strategi, som udmøntes i social uddannelsesmobilitet. Forældrene til børn, der opnår en universitetsgrad fra udlandet, har desuden selv en betydelig kosmopolitisk erfaring. Endeligt finder vi markante kønsforskelle. Søgeord: Transnationale uddannelsesstrategier, kosmopolitisk kapital, kulturel kapital, migration, rekonversionsstrategier, Bourdieu. ENGELSK ABSTRACT: Martin D. Munk, Mette Foged, and Andreas M. Mulvad: The Cosmopolitan Educational Strategies of Families. A Question of Migration and Investment in Distinctive Capital This paper shows that there is a strong correlation between social origin and attaining non-élite and especially élite education abroad for a group of long-term emigrants from Denmark. We suggest acquisition of distinctive educational capital abroad as a new investment and reconversion strategy that supplements the portfolio of (national) strategies developed by Bourdieu in La Noblesse d’État. In particular, people with highly educated parents have a greater tendency to obtain university education from an élite institution abroad, especially in ”zones of prestige”. Because England and the US have the greatest number of distinctive institutions of higher education, these countries are attracting the majority of Danes who emigrate for at least five years and obtain university education abroad. We suggest that the weaker selection into non-élite institutions reflects a sort of compensational strategy which leads to upward social educational mobility. Parents of children who migrate and undertake university education abroad have often studied or worked abroad themselves, so the intergenerational transmission of cosmopolitan capital follows the same pattern as the intergenerational transmission of the educational level. Furthermore, we find strong gender differences for instance with respect to motivations for studying abroad and the relative importance of father and mother with regard to educational achievement of the child. Key words: Transnational educational strategies, cosmopolitan capital, cultural capital, migration, reconversion strategies, Bourdieu.
Published
2011-11-02