Succes eller fiasko? – Et komparativt blik på den danske konkurrencestat

Mikkel Dehlholm, Ove K. Pedersen

Abstract


Artiklen belyser den danske konkurrencestat sammenlignet med andre vestlige lande. I analysen fokuseres på fire dimensioner: 2. Ulighed, fattigdom og skat, 2. Social mobilitet, 3. Økonomisk vækst, konkurrenceevne og økonomisk holdbarhed, og 4. Beskæftigelse, arbejdsløshed og arbejdsmarkedspolitik. Sideløbende analyseres sammenhænge mellem dimensionerne, eksempelvis ligheds betydning for social mobilitet, vækst mv. På baggrund af den komparative analyse argumenterer vi for, at Danmark overordnet set kan karakteriseres som en universalistisk konkurrencestat med en lav grad af ulighed (om end den er steget) og fattigdom kombineret med en konkurrencedygtig og holdbar økonomi, der fastholder den traditionelle velfærdsstats fokus på social sikring og lige adgang til velfærdsservice, om end reformer af dagpenge og kontanthjælp har mindsket graden af sikring i forbindelse med arbejdsløshed. Som den største udfordring for den danske konkurrencestat peger vi på, at Danmark på trods af et stærkt fokus på området stadig er udfordret af, at erhvervsdeltagelsen blandt 25-54 årige mænd er væsentligt lavere, end den var før 1973 og end i de lande, der klarer sig bedst på dette parameter (Schweiz, Japan, Island). På denne baggrund diskuteres, hvad der skal til for at øge beskæftigelsesfrekvensen.


ENGELSK ABSTRACT

Mikkel Dehlholm and Ove K. Pedersen:
Success or failure: a comparative look at the Danish competition state

This article analyzes the Danish competition state in comparison with other western states on four dimensions: 1) inequality, poverty and tax, 2) social mobility, 3) economic growth, competitiveness and economic stability and 4) employment, unemployment and labor market policy. It also analyzes relations between these dimensions. Based on the analysis, we argue that Denmark can be characterized as a universalistic competition state. We point out that the greatest challenge for the Danish competition state is the low employment rate for men between the ages of 25-54, which is lower than it was in 1973 and also lower than other countries (such as Switzerland, Japan, Iceland). We discuss ways of increasing this employment .

Keywords: Competition state, Welfare state, employment, unemployment, inequality, social mobility.

Keywords


konkurrencestat; velfærdsstat; velfærd; ulighed; social mobilitet; beskæftigelse; arbejdsløshed

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22439/dansoc.v29i2.5752

ISSN: 0905-5908

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