China's Left-behind Children (Liu-shou-er-tong): Development and Challenges for the Future

Loo-See Beh


This article analyses the left-behind children (LBC/Liu-shou-er-tong) phenomenon resulting from rural-urban mobility, focusing on their well-being and the problems faced. It demonstrates the current development, challenges and direction of social development as a result of this unprecedented phenomenon in Wuxi County, Chongqing. Interviews and semi-structured questionnaires were utilized in this research, which covered town and village schools, and individuals from NGOs as well as government departments. A brief concluding section draws together local government initiatives and programmes, offering a few general and interesting observations on the solutions using five models.


left-behind children, social development and security, government, programme initiatives, reforms, China

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Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies
ISSN (print): 1395-4199, ISSN (online): 2246-2163

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